The Hardtack Regiment

Other Publications
by Mark H. Dunkelman
Articles marked with an asterisk were co-authored with Michael J. Winey.


Book Contributions

“Foreword,” in Chris Mackowski, Kristopher D. White, and Daniel T. Davis, Fight Like the Devil: The First Day at Gettysburg July 1, 1863 (El Dorado Hills, CA: Savas Beatie, 2015).

“Foreword,” in Alexandra Filipowski and Hugh T. Harrington, The Boy Soldier: Edwin Jemison and the Story Behind the Most Remarkable Portrait of the Civil War (Yardley, PA: Westholme, 2016).



Mural Booklet
(Click on image to enlarge.)

The Coster Avenue Mural in Gettysburg. (1989) A booklet picturing and describing the 80-foot painting next to the monument to the 154th New York on the Gettysburg battlefield, including a comprehensive account of the action depicted in the mural--the overwhelming attack of two Confederate brigades on Colonel Charles R. Coster's Union brigade at Kuhn's brickyard on the afternoon of July 1, 1863. Softcover, 8 pages, drawings, maps, with full-color cover photos of the mural and monument. Out of print.

Colonel Lewis D. Warner: An Appreciation. (Portville, NY: Portville Historical and Preservation Society, 1990.) A tribute written for the observance Colonel Warner Day and the 5th Annual Reunion of Descendants of the 154th New York in Portville, New York, Warner's home town, in July 1990. A biographical sketch of the respected, long-time commander of the regiment, including frequent quotes from Warner's wartime letters and diaries, augmented by the full text of his farewell address to the 154th New York. "An exceptionally vivid and moving portrait of Warner." Jamestown Post-Journal. Softcover, 32 pages, four photographs. Available at $11 postpaid. Send check or money order to: Portville Historical & Preservation Society, P.O. Box 59, Portville, NY 14770.

Brothers, Heroes, Martyrs: The Civil War Service of Lewis and George Bishop, Color Bearers of the 154th New York Volunteer Infantry. (Allegany, NY: Allegany Area Historical Association, 1994.) Written for the observance of Heritage Days and the 9th Annual Reunion of Descendants of the of the 154th New York at Allegany, New York, in August 1994. How Lewis Bishop became the 154th New York's first color bearer; his heroism and amazing escape from harm at Chancellorsville; his mortal wounding at Gettysburg; how older brother George Bishop succeeded Lewis as color bearer; and how George duplicated his brother's bravery and fell as he planted the national flag atop the blazing crest of Rocky Face Ridge, Georgia, in a moment never forgotten by the survivors of the Hardtack Regiment. Softcover, 32 pages, two photographs, three period flag cuts. Available at $4.25 postpaid. Send check or money order to: Allegany Area Historical Association, P.O. Box 162, Allegany, NY 14706.

Camp JMB Cover
(Click on image to enlarge.)

Camp James M. Brown: Jamestown's Civil War Rendezvous. (Jamestown, NY: Fenton Historical Society, 1996.) This booklet presents a detailed account of the organization of the 112th and 154th New York Volunteer Infantry regiments in the summer of 1862, when some 2,100 recruits from Chautauqua and Cattaraugus counties converged at Camp Brown. This history of the rendezvous describes what the new soldiers experienced in the weeks before they were sent to the front, often using their own words. Long since vanished from the city scene, Jamestown's most significant Civil War site is revisited in the pages of Camp James M. Brown. Softcover, 45 pages, four photographs and wrap-around cover photo. Out of print.

Gettysburg's Coster Avenue Dunkelman Booklet Cover
(Click on image to enlarge.)

Gettysburg’s Coster Avenue: The Brickyard Fight and the Mural (Trumbull, CT: Gettysburg Publishing, 2018). A profusely illustrated account of the fighting at Kuhn’s brickyard on the First Day of the Battle of Gettysburg and the Coster Avenue Mural commemorating it, published on the mural’s thirtieth anniversary. This is a greatly expanded and all new version of my 1989 booklet described above. Fifty pages, 8.5” x 11”, includes 53 illustrations in black and white and color, map, and notes.

“For a battle that has been combed over and over and over by historians it is hard to imagine that anything original could be said about Gettysburg. But Mark Dunkelman has defied the skeptics in Gettysburg’s Coster Avenue: The Brickyard Fight and the Mural. In smooth and compelling prose, Dunkelman recounts the stand of a single Union brigade against overwhelming Confederate forces that bought time for shattered Union forces to reform on Cemetery Hill. Dunkelman has also captured this intense fight in an outdoor mural that stands as a dramatic backdrop along Coster Avenue today. In this fine volume, Dunkelman tells the important story of how this piece of public art came into being and how it enriches our understanding of the last stand of Union forces on July 1 at Gettysburg.” Peter S. Carmichael, Fluhrer Professor of History at Gettysburg College, Director of the Civil War Institute

“Little did I know upon my first visit to Gettysburg in July 1988 that my pilgrimage coincided with the dedication of what is now among my favorite Gettysburg gems—the Coster Avenue Mural. The mural is more than just a work of art; it’s a part of the story of Gettysburg. In Gettysburg’s Coster Avenue: The Brickyard Fight and the Mural, Mark Dunkelman tells a rarely-told story of the brickyard fight and its memorialization by a small but dedicated team over the course of decades. His lively text pulls the past forward so that 1863 and 1988 do not seem all that long ago.” Garry Adelman, Author and Licensed Battlefield Guide, Gettysburg

“How well he has succeeded [in drawing attention to the Brickyard Fight and Coster Avenue], Dunkelman admits, ‘others will judge.’ But using this slender volume, a lovingly restored mural, and Mark Dunkelman’s determined preservation efforts as evidence, the uncommon valor and selfless sacrifice shown in John Kuhn’s brickyard on that hot July afternoon will enrich Gettysburg’s heritage for generations to come.” Gordon Berg, in America’s Civil War

“Civil War history is often best served when we contribute to it. Author and artist Mark Dunkelman did just that in monumental fashion in Gettysburg... In telling his story, Dunkelman reveals how a single individual can shape events. He shines a light on a long-overlooked part of one of the world’s best-known battlefields, and pays tribute to soldiers from New York, Pennsylvania, North Carolina and Louisiana... Gettysburg’s Coster Avenue is highly recommended to both novices and longtime students of the war.” Ronald S. Coddington, in Military Images

“The book is a fascinating look at a little-known area of the battlefield. Through the efforts of Mark Dunkelman, the public and students of the battle now have better context as to the fighting that took place and the evolution of a wonderful mural to honor the men who fought in the Brickyard Fight.” Christopher Army, Licensed Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg, Civil War News

Check out the Facebook page dedicated to the book here:



"Dedication Ceremonies, Coster Avenue Mural, July 1, 1988, Commemorating the Actions of the 154th New York Volunteer Infantry on July 1, 1863." In Gettysburg: The 125th Anniversary, What They Did Here, by Christian J. Heidorf. (Gansevoort, NY: Harlow & Taylor Associates, 1990.)

Main Address, Dedication of the Amos Humiston Memorial, Gettysburg, July 3, 1993. [Unpublished.]

Main Address, in Dedication of the Chancellorsville Monument to the 154th New York Volunteer Infantry May 26, 1996. (154th New York Monument Fund, 1996.)

“Devillo Wheeler and the Civil War,” Allegany Area Historical Association Issue XXXI Vol. 3 (October 2012). My address at the dedication of the cenotaph in Allegany (NY) Cemetery to Pvt. Devillo Wheeler, Co. I.

Newspaper/Newsletter/Blog Articles

"Western New York's Hardtack Heroes," Buffalo Courier Express Magazine, June 30, 1974.

"Colors of the 154th Regiment," The Cattaraugus Times, February 27, 1975.

"Olean host of Civil War Reunion," Independent Olean Press, July 27, 1992. [Profile of Capt. Edward Porter, Co. I.]

"Olean church to be site of reunion of Civil War veterans' descendants," Olean Times Herald, August 3, 1992.

"'I Am About To Inform You That I Am Still Alive,'" Jamestown Post-Journal, August 8, 1992. [Profile of Capt. Dana P. Horton, Co. F.]

"Descendants of the 154th Infantry to reunite Aug. 15," Salamanca Press, August 8, 1992. [Profile of 1st Sgt. Francis Strickland, Co. I.]

"Coster Avenue Mural," The Battlefield Dispatch, February 1, 1993.

"Edson D. Ames, Company F, 154th New York," Tattered Glory (Twin Tier Civil War Round Table, Olean, New York), February 1993.

"Twofold Service: A Survey of Soldiers Who Served In Both the 37th and 154th New York Volunteers," Tattered Glory, January 1994.

"Remains of a Regiment in Allegany," Allegany Area Historical Society Newsletter, May 1994.

"Civil War Reunion Will Be In Allegany," The Chronicle, June 11, 1994.

"154th N.Y. Descendants Hold Reunion," The Civil War News, October 1994.

"Three Little Valley Civil War Comrades," The Chronicle, April 15, 1995. [Cpl. Charles H. Field and Pvts. Joseph Cullen and Melvin Foster of Co. B.]

"Mystery Men," Tattered Glory, November 1996. [Pvts. William Gilmore and George Hicks of Co. D.]

"Rivalry," Tattered Glory, January 1997. [1st Lt. & Q.M. Edgar Shannon and Q.M. Sgt. Newton A. Chaffee.]

"Memory of Charlotte Civil War soldier is resurrected at reunion," Chautauqua Sampler, January 1997. [Sgt. John M. Irvin, Co. F.]

"James H. Lockie: Persistence Personified," Tattered Glory, June 1997. [Pvt., Co. G, also served in three other regiments.]

"Descendants of Civil War regiment to gather in city," Salamanca Press, July 19, 1997. [Salamanca's Andersonville prisoners.]

"Descendants of the 154th New York Volunteers to remember Portland's Newell Burch and other sufferers at Andersonville," Chautauqua Sampler, August 1997. [Cpl. Co. E.]

"154th N.Y. Descendants Focus on Andersonville," The Civil War News, October 1997.

"154th N.Y. Descendants Hold Reunion," The Civil War News, October 1998.

"The Sad Case of Alvin Hitchcock," Hitchcock News, October 2000. [Pvt., Co. A.]

"154th N.Y. Descendants Hold Reunion," The Civil War News, October 2002.

"Descendants Honor 154th New York Dead," The Civil War News, September 2003.

"154th N.Y. Descendants Hear About Religion's Importance For Ancestors," The Civil War News, November 2005.

"Resurrecting a Regiment," The Civil War News, August 2006.

"154th N.Y. Group Honors Medal Recipients," The Civil War News, September 2006.

“A Regiment Remembered,” New York Times Disunion, May 9, 2014. [The Battle of Dug Gap.]

An Encounter Along Sherman’s March,” New York Times, “Disunion,” November 18, 2014.

“A Collection Finds A Home,” Civil War News, January 2016.

Recruiting the Regiment: The 154th New York—A Regiment That Wasn’t Meant To Be,” Emerging Civil War, June 9, 2021.



Magazine/Journal Articles

"The Hunt For Sergeant Humiston." Civil War Times Illustrated, March 1982.* [Sgt. Amos Humiston, Co. C.]

"Relics of a Regiment." North South Trader, March-April 1982.*

"The Hardtack Regiment Meets Lincoln." Lincoln Herald, Summer 1983.* [Reaction in the regiment to President Lincoln's April 10, 1863 review.]

"The Shippy Brothers of Otto." Union Blue, April 1987. [Sgt. Augustus A. Shippy, Co. B.]

"Lieutenant Colonel Henry C. Loomis." Union Blue, June 1987.

"Brigadier General Patrick Henry Jones." Lincoln Herald, Summer 1987.

"Horace Smith and ?" Union Blue, July-August 1987. [1st Lt., Co. H.]

"Alexander Bird." Military Images, September-October 1987.* [1st Lt., Co. F.]

"The Battle of Peachtree Creek." Union Blue, November-December 1987.

"A Southern Nurse and a Northern Patient." Civil War Times Illustrated, February 1988.* [Cpl. Martin D. Bushnell of Co. H and his Georgian nurse.]

"Milton Bush: Reluctant and Unlucky Soldier." Union Blue, March-April 1988. [Pvt. Co. K.]

"The Shippy Brothers: A New York Family at War." Military Images, September October 1990. [Revised version.]

"Gettysburg was a disaster: A vignette of three brothers in the 154th New York Infantry." Military Images, July-August 1991. [Pvts. Addison, Jacob and Jerome Shafer of Co. C.]

"'Those Three Days of Terrible Carnage': The Gettysburg Experiences of Lieutenant Alanson Crosby, Co. D, 154th New York Volunteers." Military Collector &Historian, Spring 1991. [Contributor.]

"Alas! He Is Gone." Lincoln Herald, Summer 1992. [Reaction in the regiment to the assassination of President Lincoln.]

"Senior Soldiers." Military Collector &Historian, Winter 1992. [Pvts. Barney McAvoy (Co. G), David Benedict (Co. H) and others over 45 years old, who fibbed about their ages to enlist.]

"The Hardtack Regiment in the Brickyard Fight." Gettysburg Magazine, January 1993.* [The 154th's role in the Battle of Gettysburg.]

"Milton Bush: Reluctant and Unlucky Soldier." Blue &Gray Magazine, October 1993. [Revised version.]

"An Impression That Will Never Be Effaced: Emory Sweetland Remembers November 19, 1863." Lincoln Herald, Summer 1994. [Pvt., Co. B.]

"Precious Shadows: The Importance of Photographs to Civil War Soldiers, as Revealed by a Typical Union Regiment." Military Images, July-August 1994.*

"Camp Seward on Arlington Heights: A Yankee Regiment's First Stop in Dixie." Arlington Historical Magazine, October 1994.

"Philo Markham's Long Walk." Civil War Times Illustrated, March-April 1995. [Cpl., Bvt. 1st Lt., Co. B.] [Edited with Phil Palen.]

"Brown the Poet." Military Images, May-June 1995. [Sgt. J. Byron Brown of Co. B.]

"Hurray For Old Abe! Fenton! and Dr. Van Aernam! The 1864 Election, as Perceived by the 154th New York Volunteers." Lincoln Herald, Spring 1996.

"Private Ransom Terry, 154th New York Infantry." Military Images, July-August 1996. [Co. C.]

"Mortally wounded Oscar Wilber had many witnesses to his last hours, including the famous poet Walt Whitman." America's Civil War, November 1996. [Pvt., Co. G.]

"For Old Abe and the Union, Of Course: Horace Howlett, a Staunch Lincoln Man." Lincoln Herald, Fall 1996. [Pvt., Co. K.]

"Key to a Mystery." American History, May/June 1997. [Sgt. Amos Humiston.]

"William Charles, Relic Maker." North South Trader's Civil War, July-August 1997. [Sgt., Co. F.]

"'We Were Compelled to Cut Our Way Through Them, and in Doing so Our Losses Were Heavy:' Gettysburg Casualties of the 154th New York Volunteers," The Gettysburg Magazine, Issue Number 18, January 1998.

"'A just right to select our own officers': Reactions in a Union Regiment to Officers Commissioned from Outside Its Ranks," Civil War History, March 1998.

"Funerary Photography," Military Images, March-April 1999. [Cpl. Henry Wulff, Co. B, and Cpl. Martin D. Bushnell, Co. H.]

"A Reflection of Their Own Image," North & South, January 2000. [Fraternization with the Confederates.]

"Florida's Yankee Paradise," Civil War Times Illustrated, March 2000. [St. Cloud, Florida, postwar home of Nat A. Kent and other veterans of the regiment.]

"Through White Eyes: The 154th New York Volunteers and African-Americans in the Civil War," The Journal of Negro History, Summer 2000.

"'Oh, William, how I wish you were at home,'" Civil War Times Illustrated, May 2001. [Pvt. William F. Chittenden, Co. D, and his family.]

"The old battlefield at Bull Run was 'a horrid-looking place' to the green soldiers of the 154th New York," America's Civil War, May 2001.

"Hardtack and Sauerkraut Stew: Ethnic Tensions in the 154th New York Volunteers, Eleventh Corps, During the Civil War," Yearbook of German-American Studies, Vol. 36, 2001.

"Death to All Foragers," American History, August 2002. [The fate of a foraging expedition near Snow Hill, North Carolina.]

"Additional Notes on the 154th New York at Gettysburg," Gettysburg Magazine, Issue Number 29, July 2003.

"George Bosley: Soldier, Medical Cadet, Assistant Surgeon," Military Images, January/February 2004.

"Not every Irish Civil War general is celebrated in lore. Consider capable Patrick Henry Jones," America's Civil War, March 2004.

"Blood Marked Their Tracks: A Union Regiment's Hard March to the Relief of Knoxville in 1863," Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Spring 2004.

"Hoop Skirts in Camp: When Women Visited the Front," North & South, November 2004.

"Eager to hear encouraging words, the men of the 154th New York Infantry became soldiers of fortunes," America's Civil War, May 2006.

“‘The Worst Sight I Ever Saw’: The 154th New York Infantry at the Battle of Peachtree Creek,”  North & South, May 2006.

"The Strange Case of Thomas Drayton," North & South, August 2006. (Private, Co. E.)

“East Meets West,” North & South, May 2007. (Rivalries between corps and armies.)

“The Doctored Botticher,” Military Images, March/April 2007. (An unique portrait of Brig. Gen. Patrick Henry Jones.)

“Specimen Soldiers,” Military Images, July/August 2007. (Cpl. Jerome Averill, Co. K, and Pvts. Michael Walsh, Co. I, and Oscar F. Wilber, Co. G.)

“The Unidentified Father,” Gettysburg: 150th Anniversary, 2013. (The Humiston story.)

“Witness to the 154th,” by Jenny Johnston, The Civil War Monitor, Winter 2014. (A profile of my work.)

“Hard Luck Regiment: The Life and Times of the 154th New York Infantry,” Military Images, Spring 2015. (Pvt. Charles Haupt, Co. K; Lt. Col. Henry C. Loomis; First Lt. Horace Smith, Co. H; Pvt. Ariel H. Wellman, Co. B; Pvt. Devillo McBride, Co. E.)

“Finding My Great-Grandfather,” Military Images, Summer 2016. (The discovery of a tintype of Cpl. John Langhans, Co. H, and an unidentified friend.)

“Desperate Stand: What the Brickyard Fight Meant at Gettysburg,” including sidebars “The True Price of War,” “Vindication of a Valiant Struggle,” and “Everlasting Tribute: The Brickyard Fight, from an expert’s heart to our eyes,” America’s Civil War, September 2018.

“The Likeness and Legacy of the Children,” Military Images, Summer 2020. Richard Leisenring, Jr., co-author. (The Humiston children carte de visite.)

“Up a Creek,” America’s Civil War, March 2021. (First Lt. George C. Waterman, Co. I, and Sgt. Charles A. McIntosh, Co. C.)

“Known Travels of the Humiston Children Ambrotype,” Battlefield Photographer, December 2021.

"A Solemn Duty," The Civil War Monitor, Summer 2022.

“Baptism of Fire: The 154th New York in the Chancellorsville Campaign,” American Battlefield Trust website.

“CAMP Guards the Memorial,” Western New York Heritage, Fall 2023. (The Cattaraugus County Memorial and Historical Building in Little Valley, and Citizens Advocating Memorial Preservation.)

“The Likeness of Amos Humiston,” Military Images (Winter, 2024), co-authored with Megan Kelley.




Vital Statistics

A Brief History of the 154th New York


Summaries of the Annual Reunions

Presentations on the 154th New York

Newsletter Archive

Links to Related Websites

Return to the Hardtack Regiment Homepage

Copyright © 1999-2024 Mark H. Dunkelman